On the different theories of beauty and the role of perception in the judgment of beauty.
The psychology of beauty is complex, not only because the concept of beauty is not yet defined, but because it is largely true that beauty is in the eyes of the viewer or in the way individuals perceive others or things.
Beauty can be attributed to anything that attracts our senses and all objects that are compatible with our personal preferences. The beauty we perceive is largely a projection of our needs.
Beautiful objects or people simply respond to our idealizations or fantasies and reflect our natural need to relate to all that is attractive.
Human beings are controlled by the senses and we tend to repeat processes or experiences that appeal to the senses, which are harmonious and have a structure and a form.
Beauty attracts our sense of sight, so it is best to repeat the beauty experience.
But how do we perceive beauty and why do some people or objects consider themselves more beautiful than others?
Psychological tests have considered symmetry and proportion as extremely important in the perception of beauty.
Beauty is also more holistic than specific, since a beautiful object is judged as a complete whole that is attractive instead of judged on the basis of its parts. Freudian or psychoanalytic explanations of beauty are rare, but psychoanalytic concepts could be used to regard our judgment of beauty as a projection or realization of a desire, so that the attractive people to us are usually the people that we admire or admire.
In one way or another, they represent our own desires and fantasies. Psychoanalysis can also be compatible with the idea that beauty is a privileged perception when there are similarities with a father. Most people are also considered to be beautiful when they have baby face features or special innocence on their face.
Beauty can also be culturally motivated, so that in some oriental cultures, women with beautiful feet are considered attractive, and modern Western women are judged on the basis of their breasts, buttocks, and breasts. their lips.
The perception of beauty may change and studies have shown that women may prefer gentler characteristics of men at specific times and more masculine characteristics at other times, depending on the stage of their reproductive cycle.
So there are several theories of beauty that are discussed here one by one.
1. Beauty as symmetry and proportion:
as you may have noticed in the case of ancient architectural marvels, symmetry was extremely important. From the great pyramids of Egypt to the architectural marvels of Greece, symmetry and perfect dimensions have played an important role in the history of aesthetics.
This whole idea of symmetry also applies to any other object or person we perceive, so that a person with a perfectly symmetrical face would also be considered a perfect example of physical perfection. The clean and perfect forms attract most people and the most beautiful faces are those with very proportional characteristics.
The same goes for the body and the low waist/hips ratio that gives women a curved lower body is considered more attractive than a straight form that does not usually indicate fertility. While humans are finally looking for an evolutionary advantage, curvaceous women are considered more fertile and, therefore, more attractive to men. In the same way, men with athletic and muscular body attract women.
However, many men may not prefer extremely voluptuous or curvy women, just as many women may not prefer extremely muscular men.
This suggests that the report also has to do with moderation or perhaps that humans feel more comfortable with some moderation in what they perceive than too much, and in this way, the perception of beauty can even depend on a type of social programming.
2. Beauty as a whole instead of rooms:
when we consider something beautiful, we usually try to have a global vision. Therefore, when we consider that a rose is beautiful, we pay less attention to each petal and consider the symmetry of the flower as a whole.
Similarly, when considering the face of a man or woman, beauty is the composite quality that seems to represent the entire face of the individual rather than its particular parts or characteristics.
Our senses prefer a holistic vision and perception of things, so that a person is considered attractive or beautiful only when all the features add something really pleasing to the senses.
3. Beauty as a projection and realization of desires.
The perception of beauty is not only a mental process but also deeply personal. If your lover has blond hair, it is possible that other people with blond hair are very attractive because you tend to project your inner fantasies on other people.
The “he” looks like my lover or “she” looks like my lover is a common syndrome in our perception of beauty and people who are very similar to our companions are suddenly more beautiful than us. The same projection is applied when selecting a partner who looks like a father.
If a man looks like your father or a member of your family, he is obviously much more attractive to you than to others. The theory of fulfilling desires is also true and when we want to be like a person in terms of talents or certain qualities, we naturally consider this person as absolutely perfect and beautiful.
Some teens may idolize popular actors or actresses and the need to be like them also determines their own perception of beauty.
4. Beauty as innocence and charm:
No one can deny that a charming personality with social trust can be much more attractive than a boring personality. A person who has the inherent ability to attract individuals with the sheer force of personality and presence is considered very attractive. In a way, there may be an association between beauty and social trust.
Sometimes, people who look good are also more socially accepted and therefore more confident. Individuals with baby face features with prominent or defined cheekbones and some innocence on the face are generally considered very attractive by both sexes.
Beauty is a social adaptation benefit and beautiful people also have social success because they get positive support and evaluation from other people.
However, the opposite is also true and sometimes beautiful, women and even men can become extremely self-conscious and not develop sufficient self-confidence. The beautiful aspect can sometimes become an obstacle, because the attractive women, but also intelligent, can be judged more by their appearance than by their intelligence,
5. Beauty as a product of culture and society.
It’s an accepted fact. The concept of beauty seems to change over time as society evolves and the perception of beauty varies across cultures. Dark skin is considered very attractive in Western societies and whiter skin in Eastern societies, because of its innovative nature in both cases.
Women’s feet and hair are important features in Eastern cultures, while in the West, women’s lips and hips are considered important. Women’s breasts are important indicators of beauty in all cultures and the body and chin or jaw of men and some male acuity are also considered attractive.
Studies have shown that women tend to prefer men to have a dominant appearance during the first follicular stage of their reproductive cycle, but that they prefer men with more feminine and milder characteristics when they are at the stage. menstrual or ovulatory.
This may be an evolutionary advantage, as men with soft natures and feminine faces are considered to be more stable and more family oriented than men with extreme masculinity or some kind of absolute attractiveness.
However, this is too generalized and there are also individual differences.
Finally, beauty is about how we perceive the outside world and how we integrate our needs and project our desires into what we see in the outside world. “The beauty in the eyes of the viewer” is quite correct from a psychological point of view, because our preferences change over time, as do our desires, the aesthetic sense and the perception of beauty.